Security monitoring

Bangladesh – Shocks, agricultural livelihoods and food security: monitoring report January 2022 – Bangladesh

Jan 2022

This report presents an analysis of the effects of natural and man-made shocks on Bangladesh’s agrifood system. It analyzes the results of a field assessment conducted in April and May 2021. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is implementing a project to contribute to the collection and analysis data related to shocks affecting agricultural livelihoods and food security, to inform evidence-based programming in selected countries. The objective is to assess the effects of these shocks on the agri-food system, which includes crops, livestock and fisheries, food supply, livelihoods and food security of rural populations. Information is collected from key sources in the production process: producer households, traders or traders, input suppliers, extension agents and other key informants.

Highlights

  • By comparing the results of this third cycle of data collection on shocks, incomes, production and marketing difficulties, coping strategies and food security indicators with those of the first cycle in November 2020, the results in livelihoods and food security appear to have improved.

  • Despite some difficulties in crop production during the 2021 Boro rice growing season, production has been above normal and farmers appear to face less reduced income than other agricultural livelihood groups.

  • The economic impacts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and associated containment measures have slowed progress for some livelihood groups. Restrictions related to COVID-19 have been cited by agricultural producers as marketing challenges and have been associated with lower crop and livestock sales. Livestock farmers seem to have been more affected than crop or fish producers.

  • During the evaluation period, 23% of surveyed households were adopting asset-depleting coping strategies. This share was particularly high among pastoralists, rural households and in Barisal, Dhaka and Sylhet divisions.

  • Food security indicators show consumption gaps and hunger in Barisal, Khulna, Mymensingh and Rangpur divisions. Food insecurity was more pronounced among households whose livelihoods depend on animal production and those who depend on wage labor.