Security monitoring

Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) South and East Sudan, Q3 2021 – Sudan


The 32nd round of the Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) took place between June and August 2021, against a backdrop of continued economic instability and chronic food insecurity and malnutrition.
The assessment aims to monitor and analyze trends in food availability, access and utilization, determine the food security situation of displaced and refugee households and highlight geographic areas and vulnerable groups.

This report presents the main findings of the FSMS by state in South and East Sudan (Kassala, Blue Nile, White Nile, Gedaref, North Kordofan, West Kordofan and South Kordofan). Information on demographics and main source of income are provided. Food insecurity is determined by WFP’s corporate indicator, Consolidated Approach to Food Security Reporting Indicators (CARI), which classifies households into four descriptive groups: food secure, marginally food secure, moderately food insecure, and food insecure. serious. The CARI combines a series of food security indicators, including Food Consumption Score, Food Expenditure Share and Livelihood Coping Strategies, into one summary indicator.
Household food consumption data takes into account the variety and frequency of foods eaten over a 7-day period to calculate a household food consumption score, weighted by the nutrient density of foods.
Using standard cut-offs, households were categorized as having poor, borderline, or acceptable food consumption.

The degree of vulnerability caused by shocks is measured by the negative coping strategies adopted by households. Coping strategies are divided into food-based and livelihood-based coping strategies. Food-based coping is used to determine how households manage to cope with a lack of food for consumption.
Livelihoods-based adaptation is used to understand the long-term adaptive capacity of households and whether they are able to meet challenges in the future.

Economic vulnerability was measured by purchasing power, as well as the share of food expenditure which is based on the assumption that the greater the importance of food in a household’s overall budget (relative to other items /services consumed) is greater, the more the household is economically vulnerable. If the food expenditure share is above 65%, the household is considered economically vulnerable, as households are forced to prioritize immediate short-term food needs over larger longer-term investments, for example in healthcare or education.

For an overview of the FSMS assessment, please see the FSMS Summary Report for Q3 2021.