The 32nd cycle of the Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) took place between June and August 2021, against a backdrop of persistent macroeconomic instability and chronic food insecurity and malnutrition. The assessment aims to monitor and analyze trends in food availability, access and use; assess the food security situation of displaced and refugee households; and highlight vulnerable geographical areas and groups. This vulnerability information enables well-informed decision-making processes for program design and targeting, and provides evidence for the expansion of future assistance programs. The FSMS is also a major data source for the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC); Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO); and the Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).
During this FSMS cycle, data was collected from approximately 12,600 IDP and refugee households in 122 sites in 13 states, including refugees from Tigray in Gedaref. Results are representative of IDP and refugee households at camp cluster level (approximately three camps per cluster). The survey design followed a two-stage stratified cluster sampling methodology (purposive sampling followed by random sampling), in which samples were stratified by states and clusters. Sampling involved the use of sentinel sites, which are revisited in turn, with randomly selected households. The limitations of the sample are that it does not include observations from urban areas of Khartoum.
The questionnaire included household-level information on demographics, housing, assets, basic services, livelihoods, expenditures, coping strategies, and food source and consumption.
Additional information was collected on children’s health and feeding practices as well as WFP assistance.
WFP would like to thank the State Ministries of Production and Economic Resources for their role in data collection, as well as the HAC and COR for their role in field coordination.