Security monitoring

Sierra Leone Food Security Surveillance System Report, February 2022 – Sierra Leone


Main findings

This current analysis will serve as a benchmark for the methodology used and according to the current results (FSMS February 2022), 73% of the population of Sierra Leone is food insecure. Among the food insecure, 11% of households are severely food insecure and 62% are moderately food insecure.

National annual consumer price inflation (year-on-year) for February 2022 stood at 17.59%, up 0.94% from 16.65% in January 2022.

Local rice recorded a price increase of 17%, while imported rice recorded an increase of 25%. The sharp increase in the price of local rice may be due to lower than normal yields during the last agricultural season, while the increase in imported rice could be influenced by the increase in the world price of oil.

Cassava reported a price increase of 27 percent which is associated with the rise in price of rice across the country as it is a direct substitute due to its increased availability and many easily accessible processed products .

The context

According to the 2020 Global Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA), more than 4.7 million people were food insecure, including some 963,000 severely food insecure. More than half a million people have been added to the number of food insecure people since 2015. The 2020 CFSVA has shown that the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic fallout have contributed to a further deterioration in living conditions. life and reduces access to basic amenities. It revealed that 3.3 million food insecure people live in rural areas, compared to 1.4 million people in urban areas. The 2020 CFSVA data was collected during the harvest period, when the situation is expected to improve. The 2021 Food Security Monitoring System conducted in August/September also shows a trend of deterioration in food security indicators, food consumption score, livelihood coping strategies and food expenditure share. The FCS for poor households shows a significant deterioration from the previous FSMS and CFSVA, registering 37 percent of households in the poor food consumption score category, indicating low food diversity to meet their dietary needs. The proportion of households using more than 75 percent of their expenditure for food also increases significantly to 74 percent, indicating a high level of economic vulnerability during the lean season.

To continue monitoring the precarious food security and vulnerability situation in Sierra Leone, WFP, in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), conducted the regular food security monitoring system ( FSMS) in January/February 2022 to capture trends during the post-harvest period.

Both studies provide insight into seasonally changing levels of vulnerability and provide decision makers with key data to shape targeting and program design to better address seasonal food insecurity. The FSMS is also a key data contributor to the Cadre Harmonize exercise which will begin in March 2022.

In January 2022, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) and other members of the Food Security Task Force in Sierra Leone undertook a food security system exercise. Food Safety Monitoring (FSMS). MAF, Stats-SL and WFP coordinated and supervised data collection, data was analyzed jointly by WFP and MAF. The purpose of the FSMS was to assess the state of food insecurity during the post-harvest season. National FSMS collected data on food security in all 16 districts


The main objective of the FSMS is to provide timely information on household food security and the vulnerability situation in the country twice a year, after harvest and during the lean season. The data provides invaluable snapshots at national and district levels to enable targeted short- and long-term programming. The main outcome is to support Sierra Leone’s achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 2: end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.